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Persian-Albanian-Balkan Contact Areas:Some Linguistic / Cultural Aspects of the ‘Complementarity Hypothesis’

Dr. Mirushe Hoxha,

University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, Macedonia

This paper aims to set forth an hypothesis of the complementarity between grammatical forms and cultural schemas of apparently different cultural and linguistic contexts in understanding the phenomena. For this purpose, the research brings together the optative mood of the Albanian language formed by the suffix–fsh, and the symbolism of Darafsh Kaviani. Further comparative analysis of the semanticsof Persian and Albanian words containing the phoneme group fsh, the Kaveh’s Flag, the optative mood itself, and its grammatical form inthe Albanian language (-fsh) entails the core evidence of the hypothesis offered in this paper: namely, that the phoneme group fsh tends to appear as a meaningful pre-Indo-European substrate conserved both literally and metaphorically in the Persian and Albanian culture and/or language. The paper sets the general context of this complementarity by assessing a corpus of Persian words not only in Albanian but also in the Macedonian, Bulgarian, Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian languages, and their phonetic, morphological and semantic modifications comparing to the source, i.e. Persian. The latter comparative analysis is also promotionally offered by this paper, while the rationale of the ‘complementarity hypothesis’ is corroborated by Gregory Bateson’s thesis on the fundamental analogies between different contexts and their ‘relata’.

The above abstract is a part of the article which was accepted at The International Conference on Current Issues of Languages, Dialects and Linguistics (WWW.LLLD.IR), 2-3 February 2017, Iran-Ahwaz.