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Towards Grammatical Periodization of Persian (Morphosyntax and Syntax Style)

Dr. Maia Sakhokia,

Indo-Iranian Department of Institute of Oriental Studies, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia

According to Diachronic Morphosyntactic and Syntactic Dynamics, the main different periods of ClNP (Classical New Persian) may be revealed: I, p. X-XII/XIII cent., the same as G. Lazard’s Oldest Period; II, p. XIII-XV cent.; III, p. XVI-XVII cent.; and IV, p. XVIII cent. (Sakhokia’s Periodization). These periods are detailed on the basis of the systematization of the principal constituents of Persian morphosyntax, Standard and Peculiar Syntax (Sakhokia). Such linguistic data from various historical texts will be discussed and observed as constituents of a single compendium of historical morphosyntax and syntax of the Persian language in this communication. The linguistic data of historical Persian texts appear to be especially important for detailing certain periods of the Common Classical New Persian (ClNP). Aside from the main, well-known historical texts, the list of sources includes texts and documents published in Georgia recently. I’d like to represent the several data of morphosyntax and syntax to discuss the corresponding questions in the sources mentioned in the communication. The questions observed, briefly, are the following: peculiar (special) and standard constructions and rules, among which the word order is of great importance (Sakhokia). The main tendency of ClNP word order Dynamics, – and then to modern NP, is ’Free>Fixed’ by the main model formula: SOP. Then, on the contrary, in today’s modern NP, the dynamic tendency ‘Fixed>Free’ occurs. For all these morphosyntactic and syntactic features, some specifications of different historical grammar styles may be represented. Key Words: Morphosyntax, Syntax, Diachrony, Periodization, Historical Texts, Dynamics, Word Order, Special Constructions.

Keywords: Morphosyntax, Syntax, Periodization, Dynamics, Word Order

The above abstract is a part of the article which was accepted at The Eighth International Conference on Languages, Linguistics, Translation and Literature (WWW.LLLD.IR), 14-15 February 2023, Ahwaz.