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Multi-Level Character of Expression of Verbal Action Ways: A Case Study of Expression of Action Initialization in the Dari Language

Vitalii Belokon & Dr. Vladimir Mikolaichik,

Department of Middle Eastern Languages, Faculty of Foreign Languages, Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia

This paper aims to examine the ways of expressing verbal action (Aktionsart) in Western Iranian closely-related languages, specifically Persian, Dari, and Tajik, in comparison to the highly developed method of derivative affixation in the Russian language. The study will discuss the different levels of the language structure used to express the internal properties of a verb action, namely the lexical, morphological, and syntactic level. The research will also analyze the most common methods of expressing verbal action in these languages, which include the use of specific semantics, syntactic word combinations, and morphological forms. Overall, this paper aims to provide new insights on the linguistic structures and characteristics of these languages, particularly in the realm of expressing verbal actions.

Keywords: Verbal Action (Aktionsart), Western Iranian Languages, Russian, Morpholigical Derivative Affixation

 The above abstract is a part of the article which was accepted at The Ninth International Conference on Languages, Linguistics, Translation and Literature (WWW.LLLD.IR), 1-2 February 2024, Ahwaz.